If you’re looking to design and print your own custom t-shirts, you’ve likely encountered these two terms — DTG printing and screen printing.
Both screen printing and direct to garment (DTG) are methods of printing custom designs onto fabrics.
But what’s the difference between these two t-shirt printing methods? When should you use one versus the other? The topic can get a little confusing if you’ve never printed your own custom t-shirts before, so we’ve compiled this quick guide. We’ll answer these four most common questions:
- What’s the difference between DTG and screen printing?
- What is DTG printing?
- What is screen printing?
- How do they compare?
Ready to get started? Let’s dive in!
What’s the Difference Between DTG and Screen Printing?
Screen printing is the more traditional technique that involves pushing the ink onto the t-shirt fabric through a stencil, while direct to garment is a newer method that uses a printer to apply the ink to the shirt.
What is Direct to Garment (DTG) Printing?
DTG printing involves the use of a digital printer to apply ink directly onto the fabric of the apparel you’re customizing.
This is a newer t-shirt printing method that’s gained a lot of popularity in recent years thanks to technological improvements in DTG printers. DTG printing creates a precisely printed design with a high level of detail.
How Does DTG Printing Work?
DTG printing works like the inkjet printer in your home or office. The printer translates the digital image or graphic file onto your blank tee!
DTG printers are large and capable of handling all kinds of designs in many colors. Just like your home printer, DTG uses only 4 colors (CMYK) of Water-based ink, which are mixed as it prints through a digital print head, to create all of the colors in your design. The DTG printing method is precise and produces high-quality results, but the use of CMYK ink has it's limitations as to what colors it can reproduce accurately. For example, some bright and neon colors are not possible.
Additionally, on White and light colored garments, the CMYK ink can be applied directly to the fabric, without an underbase, which saves time and cost. On Black and colored garments, an "underbase" of White ink must be printed first, to block the color of the garment from interfering with the colors in the print. In order for the White ink to show up on a black or colored garment, a special solution must be sprayed onto the shirt, then dried with a heat press before printing can begin. This adds cost. So, if you are trying to save cost, it can be a halpful option to stick to White garments.
What Type of Designs Work Best on DTG Printed Shirts?
- Particularly elaborate t-shirt designs
- Designs with a lot of different colors
What is Screen Printing?
Screen printing is the classic, tried-and-true method of pushing ink through a woven mesh stencil onto the fabric.
It’s a craft that skilled printers have perfected over the years to produce great-looking, durable clothing. As a more labor-intensive process, screen printing produces beautiful, saturated colors and a distinctive, authentic appearance.
How Does Screen Printing Work?
Screen printing involves the process of pushing the ink through a woven mesh stencil onto the fabric.
Each color used in the design is printed separately with its own screen. This means your design must first be broken down into different layers by color. This is typically done using design software like Photoshop or Illustrator.
Next, a woven screen stencil is used to apply a single color of ink at a time — one stencil per color used in the shirt’s design.
The ink is pulled across the stencil using a Polyurethane "squeegee", producing a single layer of the design with full, saturated color.
This process means that screen printing is better suited to certain kinds of t-shirt designs. However, it produces high-quality results that have remained extremely popular with consumers for decades.
What Type of Designs Work Best on Screen Printed Shirts?
- Bold graphics or typographic t-shirts designs
- Designs with just a few colors
This makes custom screen printed shirts a smarter choice for larger fundraisers/events like charity races, 5Ks races, walkathons, or a mission trip fundraising campaign.
How Do DTG Printed Shirts and Screen Printed Shirts Compare?
Since these t-shirt printing methods are so different, there are naturally a few pros and cons to each.
Depending on the specifics of your custom printing project, one will likely be a better choice than the other. The biggest differences that you should consider when choosing a method fall into two general categories — design and cost.
Differences Between Screen Printed Designs and DTG Designs
When produced by a professional using the right equipment, either printing process will result in a high-quality t-shirt, but a few important differences still come into play depending on your design.
DTG printing leaves a thinner and sometimes softer layer of ink to create your final design, while screen printing typically produces thicker layers of ink that may have more texture and can feel heavier on thin garments. This has a few important effects, particularly on how you use color in your design:
- Screen printing will produce a vibrant, durable design with more saturated colors than the DTG process. However, the labor-intensive process of turning your design into multiple stencils limits the number of colors you can use.
- DTG printing produces a slightly thinner design, but with no limits on the number of colors you can use. There are some limitations that make certain color combinations difficult, though. For example, it can be tricky for digital printers to create designs with very bright or neon colors.
This means that certain types of t-shirt designs are better suited to each method. Simpler, stylized designs with graphics or text in a handful of colors are great for screen printing, while DTG printing can handle more elaborate designs in more colors, usually on light-colored fabric.
Difference Between DTG Costs and Screen Printing Costs
The fundamental differences between each process also translate to differences in final costs. Again, both can be great choices, but it depends entirely on the specifics of your project. Here’s how they stack up:
Screen Printing Costs
Screen printing is most cost-effective for larger batches of shirts. The stencil process means that set-up costs are a little higher, but it also makes screen printing more efficient for large orders of one design.
Using more colors slows down the process, though, resulting in higher final prices, since each color used needs its own screen stencil created.
But with screen printing, there are typically cost savings built in as you print more t-shirts! Having master stencils for each layer streamlines the process as more shirts are printed.
Here at Pacific Paradise we have a 7-10 color maximum (depending on design) and our Screen Priniting minimum is 24 pieces. However, designs with more than 3 colors do not really become cost effective, or less than DTG printing, until quantities over 100 pieces.
DTG printing is most cost-effective for small batches of custom printed t-shirts. The number of colors used won’t affect the final price.
However, large batches will use more ink and time — the printer can only handle one shirt at a time — resulting in higher prices. DTG printing typically does not offer bulk savings the way that screen printing does.
The scope of your custom t-shirt printing project should be a consideration as you choose a printing service to handle it. Some custom apparel services offer just one or the other, while some offer both DTG and screen printing options depending on the size of your project.
If you choose a DTG only service, your cost per shirt does not drop as you purchase more, whereas you typically will pay less per shirt as quantities increase when screen printing.
Finding a custom t-shirt printing service that can offer the best of both techniques — DTG and more traditional screen printing — will get you the best value in the long run. Understanding the differences between the two methods will help you to better determine exactly what you need from a partner as you get started with your custom t-shirt project!
Here at Pacific Paradise, we use both DTG and screen printing methods. That’s why we’re able to offer you custom t-shirts for any project at a great cost and with no order minimums. No matter how many shirts you need or what your design looks like, we’ve got the tools to offer you the best quality and price for your custom apparel!